Discuss Goals and fundamental principles of applied behavior analysis.

For this assignment, you will provide a long-answer essay response to each of the questions below. For each question, you are encouraged to use the peer-reviewed resources provided throughout the units to support your responses. Please do not copy and paste the whole question into the document. Rather, provide the question number (1-4) and a brief heading that correlates with each section of the grading rubric. (Example: 1. Applied Perspectives)
Using Figure 1.3 (Improving people’s quality of life from A to Z) in Chapter 1 of Cooper et al. (2020) choose three different areas of practice where applied behavior analysis might be an appropriate and effective approach to improving quality of life in real world settings. For each area chosen, create a brief hypothetical scenario that illustrates a behavior change that would improve quality of life for an individual in a real world setting. For each scenario, use your course resources and readings to develop at least five supporting points that justify your assertion that the scenario represents applying the understanding of the science of human behavior to understand and improve socially significant behaviors in real-world settings.
Listen to the scenario: Cindy and the Magician (transcript) and complete the following:
Using Behavior Analytic Vocabulary, explain the various characteristics of Respondent Conditioning, identifying specific relationships between stimuli and responses and discussing how the elements of time and environment contribute to an organism’s respondent behavior. Next, explain the process used to reverse an established reflexive stimulus-response relationship. Finally, analyze the scenario and discuss each of the elements of Respondent conditioning that you identify.
Using course readings and resources for support, describe and define how the operant conditioning paradigm can influence an organism’s behavior. Be sure to reference and describe stimulus response relations and the antecedent-behavior – consequence (three term) contingency. Next, create a hypothetical example that describes a behavioral excess for decrease or a behavioral deficit for increase. In your example, first identify how the behavior may be modified by changing antecedent stimuli. Then, describe how the behavior may be modified by changing consequences.
Using Behavior Analytic Vocabulary, explain how Operant Conditioning differs from Respondent Conditioning. Then, explain how different schedules of reinforcement can influence a behavior, with one example for each schedule. Next, choose an example of a behavior and show how each of the five possible differential reinforcement procedures would affect that behavior of an organism. Be sure to discriminate between ‘schedules of reinforcement’ and ‘differential reinforcement.’

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