History of pre-modern Africa

For each question, write a thoughtful essay of three to four pages (typed and double-spaced). A successful essay will contain a clear thesis statement and make effective use of the assigned readings as evidence, showing awareness of both change and continuity in historical developments. Be sure to cite your sources.

List A:

1.) How has the study of linguistics helped us to understand the history of pre-modern Africa?
2.) Why have scholars referred to the early Iron Age as a “classical age” in East Africa?
3.) How did shifting trade networks affect developments in Africa up to ca. 800 CE?

List B:

1.) How did Islam spread in Africa during the medieval period?
2.) What were the most important factors affecting the development of African states from ca. 800 – 1600?

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