Should colleges be Free?

Only one source (of your required 3) can be from the Internet (meaning, published solely on the internet—for example, electronic databases such as EBSCO-host are journals, not Internet sources) until you have met the requirements for your other sources.
At least one source must be from an academic journal or database.
One source can be an academic book from the library catalog (edited collection, solo authored, e-book, or interlibrary loan)
One source can be field research-based (such as an interview or short survey), depending on your topic.
Consider disagreeing with at least one of your sources (counterargument)
Consider a source with an author with a different identity than your own (gender, sexuality, ethnicity, race, religion, etc.)
Please note: If you choose to use more than three sources, you may exceed any of the above source requirements.
Citation Requirements: Make sure that all summaries, paraphrases, and quotes drawn from these sources are integrated into the text of your essay. Use MLA format to cite all your sources, both in your essay and on the Works Cited page.

The Writing Center: The researched essay unit presents a good opportunity to explore the Writing Center. You should strive to set up an appointment and meet with a writing consultant from the Writing Center to work on this research essay. Do not wait until the last moment to make an appointment.
Recommended Topics: Think of kairos and the world around you! You may pursue a topic related to your Personal Narrative or Rhetorical Analysis essay, or you can choose to pursue a completely new field of study.
Consider the following questions as you pursue your research:
1 . What do you like?
What is important?
What is something you want to know more about?
What needs to change?
It is helpful to establish a timeline to ensure completing this project on time.
STEP 2: RESEARCH (Works Cited)
You will research and write about 3 sources. Compiling this annotated bibliography will help you select an audience, know which methods are effective for you to employ, and find backing for your position. It will help you to practice summarizing and evaluating sources.
Where to Look: To understand context, back up your position, or counter your position or the audience’s views, go to:
The databases on the University Website.
Radio news broadcasts and news shows, like those found on programs like Talk of the Nation, Science Fridays, National Public Radio (
Websites representing different perspectives.
To support your research and argument, consider sources and evidence that include the following:
Statistical sources—not just those directly related to those in your debate, but those that dovetail with it. For example, if you’re arguing for oil drilling, you might consider current gas prices at the pump.
Studies—particularly those from peer-reviewed journals or reliable books.
Quotes from authorities your audience would trust—political, historical, governmental, economical, etc.
Stories/anecdotes from interviews you conduct or from reputable articles, books, documentaries, radio or television news broadcasts, etc.
Analogies/counter-examples—Consider other controversies that could be compared to serve as analogies for yours, just as the Transitions essays serve as examples of their respective fields.
Wikipedia—or any other general encyclopedia—CANNOT be considered one of the sources in your bibliography. You can look at it initially for background information and check in particular if any of their sources might be useful.
For each source in your annotated bibliography, consider these factors, among others, to assess its quality:
Publication/sponsor credibility/level of bias (credentials)
Author credibility/level of bias
Credibility of style of site/article/writing (fallacies, logic, tone, etc.)
Timeliness (KAIROS!)
Information verifiable? Unfounded claims are unreliable.
Keep in mind that simply “being in the database” or “in the library” is not enough of a reason to consider a source credible. Ensure that you are basing your decision to use a source on more than one standard.
To determine your audience, you might look closely at the websites of stakeholders in the conversation, including:
A public interest group you find online involved in the debate.
A political figure invested in this debate.
An author who has written on the debate.
An official who is a decision maker in this debate.
Another group/person who could be considered a stakeholder.
When you turn in the essay on Canvas, make sure to include the following:
A reflective cover letter, thinking back on the path you took to write this essay. In this reflection, tell me what happened between each draft, points of frustration and how you moved through them, moments of discovery and how they affected the essay, and relevant feedback from your workshops. I want to hear everything that I can’t see by looking at the final draft. This letter should be at least three paragraphs in length.
A clean, proofread, professional-looking final draft.
The paper trail, showing all the relevant steps you took in researching and revising this essay and all the feedback you received on the way (include important free writes, writing exercises, research notes, and significant drafts that demonstrate your research process and writing process. This can be one large document or several different uploads, pictures are acceptable.
See the corresponding rubric for your final grade on this essay.
Check Canvas for an accurate representation of your final grade in this class according to our syllabus.
Argumentative Research Essay Evaluation
Your essay is graded on both your final product and your research process, using the following criteria. (Each category will be scored on a scale of 1 through 5.)
Central Theme and Content: Central theme is well defined and carried out throughout the essay, Content is clear, focused, and synthesized.
1 2 3 4 5
Organization: Organization enhances and showcases the central theme. Ideas are ordered so that they build upon one another and transitions between sentences and paragraphs are smooth.
1 2 3 4 5
Sense of Audience: Audience is clearly defined (either implicitly or explicitly). An awareness of audience is carried throughout the essay, as indicated by the defining of unfamiliar terms, anticipation of the reader’s questions, and sensitivity to all potential members of the audience.
1 2 3 4 5
Stylistic Choices: Specific and accurate words are used to convey intended meaning. Language is varied and clichés are avoided. A variety of sentences lengths and constructions are used to add emphasis.
1 2 3 4 5
Research: Source requirements are met. Sources are reliable and academically sound. Research is smoothly incorporated into the texts and works to strengthen the central theme.
1 2 3 4 5
MLA Format: Correct formatting is used throughout the essay, including the heading, page numbers, in-text citations, and Works Cited page.
1 2 3 4 5
Presentation: Essay is professionally presented in terms of relevant title, grammatically clear sentences, consistent verb tenses and correct punctuation and spelling.
1 2 3 4 5
Reflective Cover letter: Letter describes and reflects on what happened between each draft, points of frustration and how you moved through them and how they affected the essay, and relevant feedback from your workgroup. Letter contextualizes pieces included in the paper trail and is at least one full page in length.
1 2 3 4 5
Paper Trail and Revision Process: The paper trail shows all the relevant steps you took in researching and revising this essay. All the feedback you received during the drafting process is included. All free writes, writing exercises, research notes, and significant drafts that demonstrate either your research or writing process) is included. All pieces are clearly labeled and organized. (you may want to include an additional document that you used for notes here, I will be looking back at your rough draft on Canvas).
Significant changes are made between drafts which can include significant shifts of focus, perspective, target audience, or structure. Feedback is considered when making revision choices.

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