What is the significance of land in colonialism and anti-colonial resistance? Is decolonization more cultural or economic?

Unit questions: What is the significance of land in colonialism and anti-colonial resistance? Is decolonization more cultural or economic?
Your argument should establish whether you think economic or cultural factors matter more in explaining colonialism and resistance, with a specific focus on the significance of land and life/death in anti-colonial struggles. You may argue that both factors matter, but you must take a clear position rather than vaguely saying that both matter equally.
Unit keywords: genocide, (settler) colonialism, treaties, sovereignty, land ownership, private property, forced assimilation, cultural survival
Your essay must actively and correctly mobilize these keywords in your analysis.
Format: Please submit a Word file via Canvas.
Minimum 1,200 words are required. Try not to go over 1,500 words.
Your essay must have a specific title that captures your main argument.
Present your original argument in response to the unit questions in your introduction.
Develop three body paragraphs to support your argument. Use relevant quotes from the assigned readings and analyze/explain them to establish your supporting point in each paragraph.
Develop a proper conclusion that reiterates your main argument and how the supporting points are related to it. End with possible solutions or practical suggestions.
Do not include personal reflections, outside sources, or anything unrelated to your argument and the assigned readings. Everything you write must be explicitly connected to the quotes and your main argument — nothing else.
Do not include the title of the book/article in your discussion.
Citation style is open. You may or may not include a bibliography.
Secondary questions to guide your analysis:
What legal structures, military maneuvers, and cultural stereotypes did the United States employ to advance settler colonialism in North America and beyond?
How do the European settlers and Indigenous peoples value and relate to land differently? What roles does land play in their respective economies or cultures?
What does it mean to decolonize? What is the significance of violence in eliminating colonial oppression?
How do economic and cultural factors behind colonialism shape each other?

This essay needs to be based off of the book An Indigenous Peoples History of the United States and use 2-3 quotes from any of the following chapters 2, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 or 9.

Essay Rubric: Essay Rubric
Essay Rubric
Criteria Ratings Pts
This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeAuthor’s Argument
Identify the author’s specific argument or position correctly. Before going into a quote or specific example, you should contextualize the quote by introducing the author’s main argument, not just their topic. Don’t jump into a quote abruptly.
5 pts
Excellent
Both the topic and the argument are introduced to contextualize the specific passage to be quoted. The reader is prepared to understand the quote within the context of your own discussion.
3 pts
Good
At least the topic of the article is mentioned, but the author’s actual argument about the topic is missing.
1 pts
Poor
The quote is thrown in out of nowhere, and the reader cannot immediately understand where you’re going with it.
5 pts
This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeQuote/ Example
Employ a quote or example that indicates the author’s original perspective or an abstract concept. Don’t quote a simple fact, historical event, or statistics when you can simply summarize or paraphrase those things. Moreover, the quote must 1) be long enough to illuminate the original context and 2) flow smoothly within your own sentence.
10 pts
Excellent
2-3 sentences in a row are quoted to highlight a relevant passage that speaks to the author’s unique viewpoint.
8 pts
Good
2-3 sentences in a row are quoted, but there isn’t much of the author’s perspective to explicate.
6 pts
Poor
Merely factual information is quoted. The quote is broken into short phrases and scattered across your sentence. The quoted phrases are used to fill your own sentences.
10 pts
This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeProper Citation
Provide a proper in-text citation for each quote or an idea that isn’t yours. Citation style is open (ASA, APA, MLA, Chicago, etc.), but it must be consistent throughout your work. Normally you should note the author’s last name, publication year, and page number(s). This may happen before or after the quote.
5 pts
Sufficient
Proper citation is provided.
0 pts
Poor
No or incorrect citation.
5 pts
This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeExplanation/ Analysis
You must explain what the quote means in your own discussion and how it relates to your original point. The quote cannot speak for itself, so never skip this step. Point to specific meanings or complex nuances that are indicated by the author of the quote, so that you can draw your reader’s attention and clarify why you’re using that particular quote.
20 to >16.0 pts
Excellent
Detailed and specific points in the quote are analyzed to point out the strength (or weakness) of the author’s argument. Your analysis of the quote supports your original point in the paragraph.
16 to >12.0 pts
Good
The gist of the quote is summarized and paraphrased, but it remains unclear what you’re trying to say about the quote.
12 to >0 pts
Poor
You’re moving too quickly to a different point without actually explaining what the quote implies. You bring up the quote but say irrelevant things afterwards.
20 pts
This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeTopic Sentence/ Paragraph Point
Every single paragraph must begin with your own idea, so that it’s clear to the reader what the paragraph is about. Never begin a paragraph by mentioning the author’s name, article, or argument because this will obscure your point.
10 pts
Excellent
You present your point of the paragraph upfront, connecting to the thesis of your essay. You don’t make the reader wait until later to find out what you’re trying to say.
8 pts
Good
You speak on the general theme of the paragraph in the topic sentence, but you don’t actually make a point until the end of the paragraph.
6 pts
Poor
You simply begin the paragraph by talking about the reading or the author, and it’s unclear what your point is in the paragraph.
10 pts
This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeGrammar, Vocabulary, and Voice
Develop precision in your language by using thesaurus as you write. Review and learn perfect punctuation and sentence structure. I recommend using the List of Analytical Verbs (see Tools for Success module)
10 pts
Excellent
Your own voice is present throughout the essay and gives momentum to your discussion.
8 pts
Good
You proactively employ some of the verbs and concepts mobilized in the reading to develop your own voice. Your own voice may still be underdeveloped because you’re not fully centering your original idea or position.
6 pts
Poor
Incorrect grammar shows up repeatedly. Vocabulary is basic and limited. Word use creates more confusion than inspiration.
10 pts
This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeLogical Flow and Transitions
Overall flow of your discussion must be crystal clear. Each paragraph should expand on the previous point so that you’re not writing an extended bullet point list but constructing a narrative from the start to the end.
20 to >16.0 pts
Excellent
All the paragraphs are organized strategically to present and support a unique idea rooted in the quotes or examples. The essay structure has a meaningful narrative that develops, complicates, or deepens across paragraphs.
16 to >12.0 pts
Good
Each paragraph has a clear focus, but the order of the body paragraphs lacks a thoughtful flow. You may simply be writing about three things over three paragraphs without explaining how they relate to each other. Transitional phrases are employed occasionally, but the reader gets lost at times.
12 to >0 pts
Poor
Paragraphs are placed haphazardly with little or no organization.
20 pts
This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeThesis Clarity and Cohesion
Your thesis, or main argument, should be specific enough for the reader to be able to engage with your analysis quickly and fully. Your argument must be arguable or debatable, not obvious or vague. Everything in your essay must connect back to your thesis and nothing else.
20 to >16.0 pts
Excellent
You articulate a clear and meaningful thesis that contributes to a relevant discussion. Your essay focuses entirely on explaining and supporting your thesis without derailing into unnecessary or empty statements.
16 to >12.0 pts
Good
You imply your main argument in the introduction, but it’s too general or obvious to be fully meaningful. Your positions tend to become clear towards the end of each paragraph, but it may be buried for the reader to grasp quickly. Your essay may have moments that remain irrelevant or disconnected from your thesis.
12 to >0 pts
Poor
You’re merely stating the topic of your essay without proposing an arguable position in a specific controversy or debate. Your discussions tend to bring up ideas that are not connected to a central argument of the essay.
20 pts
Total Points: 100
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