Write a research article that goes into further detail about Kenya’s healthcare system.

Write a research article that goes into further detail about Kenya’s healthcare system.

Complexity Theory has appeared to replace the reductionist approach, specifically in observing systems like healthcare. It views organizations as complex adaptive systems sensitive to historical arrangements and relations among various staff. Complex adaptive systems reveal non-linear performance, where minor changes can lead to significant effects. This complexity makes it challenging to classify interventions for concerns, as the system responds arbitrarily to changes. Complex adaptive systems are described by shared control and self-organization, fostering supportive practice environments. This enables nurses to tackle challenging situations and improve outcomes (Albsoul et al., 2021). Complexity theory looks at how parts make up a whole and how each part works with one another and develops into a new being (Turner & Baker, 2019).

This article examines missed nursing care, also known as unfinished nursing care or omitted care, a noteworthy global healthcare challenge affecting patient safety, patient satisfaction, and nursing job satisfaction. The current missed nursing care research model focuses on isolated factors and quantitative methods and overlooks healthcare systems’ complex, interactive nature. This approach may lead to ineffective management strategies and fail to capture overarching system influences. Complexity theory offers a promising alternative, viewing healthcare organizations as complex adaptive systems demonstrating non-linear interactions, adaptation, and self-organization, highlighting the importance of understanding historical patterns and system dynamics (Albsoul et al., 2019).

Applying complexity theory to missed care exposes its complex nature and accentuates the role of adaptation, self-organization, and non-linear interactions in influencing nursing behavior and care delivery. Nurses’ reactions to doubt and workload pressures often prioritize medical care over psychosocial aspects. However, the conflict between the biomedical and biopsychosocial models highlights the need for holistic nursing care approaches. To address care effectively, the complex relationship between influences within the healthcare system and control of nurses’ capacity for adaptation and learning must be considered (Albsoul et al., 2019).

Complexity theory highlights healthcare systems’ dynamic, non-linear nature relevant to bedside nursing practice. Nurses often face multifaceted and volatile circumstances that command adaptive reactions. Nurses can better recognize the relationship between issues affecting patient care outcomes by viewing healthcare settings as complex adaptive systems. This means embracing flexibility, creativity, and resilience to adapt to changing circumstances. For example, nurses can use complexity theory concepts to prioritize patient needs, respond quickly, and collaborate successfully with interdisciplinary teams to optimize patient outcomes (Albsoul et al., 2019).

Preparing nursing students to understand the complexities of healthcare is essential for real-world practice. The curriculum can incorporate complexity theories in energetic environments to facilitate critical thinking, problem-solving, and decision-making skills. Case studies, simulations, and reflective exercises reflect the real-world complexities of nursing practice. By understanding the dynamics of complex adaptive systems, nursing programs can produce graduates ready to succeed in today’s healthcare environments (Turner & Baker, 2019).

Nursing administration can significantly benefit from complexity theory by stressing the need for adaptive, flexible leadership approaches. Healthcare organizations are complex adaptive systems with interconnected protocols, departments, and teams. This methodology urges leaders to accept change, promote innovation, and foster collaboration across organizational boundaries. Complexity theory can advise strategic projection, quality improvement plans, and resource distribution assessments by seeing the dynamic relations within the healthcare system (Albsoul et al., 2019).

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